Бизнес-идея: сыроварный цех

Бизнес-идея: сыроварный цех

Как открыть сыроварню и продавать фермерскую продукцию, поделились предприниматели Вячеслав Столяр и Нурлан Каженов. В начале 2016 года они запустили небольшой цех в Иссыке, по их словам на это ушло не больше $10 тысяч.

За границей, в каждой деревне имеются собственные сорта сыра, и они ими гордятся. Почему бы и нам не начать производить казахстанский сорт сыра. Производство сыра считается малоизвестным видом бизнеса в Казахстане. Сыр – неотъемлемый продукт в ежедневном рационе практически всех людей, и поэтому он всегда будет пользоваться спросом.

Сегодня, для того чтобы производить сыр, вовсе не обязательно запускать огромный завод с большим количеством персонала и миллионными инвестициями. Производство сыра как бизнес можно организовать с помощью мини-цеха, расположенного на небольшой площади и требующего минимальных вложений, который будет являться рентабельным предприятием. Обучение можно пройти онлайн, материалов очень много. Со временем уже можно съездить в Италию или Францию.

Чтобы открыть сырный цех требуется отдельное помещение. Владельцы частных домов могут позволить себе построить быстровозводимый мини-цех на своей территории. Для этого требуется 30-40 квадратных метров. К примеру, наш цех занимает 18 квадратных метров и этого вполне достаточно для того, чтобы быть поставщиком для 2-3 ресторанов. Оборудование недорогое. Обычное ресторанное оборудование в районе двух тысяч долларов: холодильник, плита, гастроемкости, специфическая мойка и др. Требуется ремонт помещения по санитарно-эпидемиологическим стандартам. Накладные расходы по закупке заквасок, молока и прочих необходимых материалов. На все ушло в районе $10 тысяч.

Два раза в неделю мы варим сыр и распространяем готовый продукт по ресторанам и магазинам. В Казахстане рестораны привыкли, чтобы мы привозили сыр, когда они захотят, но поставщику не всегда удается этого сделать. Ресторанный бизнес и культура у нас в зачаточном виде и меняется очень медленно. Но уже можно заметить положительный тренд в этом сегменте рынка. Рестораны хотят работать с качественными продуктами местного производства. Например, за рубежом у каждого уважающего себя ресторана имеется поставщик по каждому виду продукта. Хороший ресторан должен следить за сезоном и тщательно отбирать себе поставщиков продуктов, ведь именно рестораны зависят от поставщика. Сейчас мы поставляем свою продукцию таким заведениям как United Coffee, И. В. Мичурин и также физическим лицам.

Технология и себестоимость

Технология производства сыра достаточно сложная. Этот процесс происходит под действием ферментов и микрофлоры. В течение всего процесса производства в камерах временного и постоянного хранения ингредиентов и готовой продукции поддерживается низкая температура, что позволяет обеспечить качественное созревание сыра. Самыми качественными сортами считаются те сыры, которые получают из цельного молока.

Для занятия сыроварением мы получили весь перечень документов: от сертификации цеха, до декларации соответствия продукции в таможенном союзе и всех сопутствующих микробиологических документов. На протяжении девяти месяцев мы покупаем в соседнем поселке натуральное цельное молоко для приготовления сыра. Летом цена за 1 литр составляет 60-80 тенге, зимой до 180 тенге. Мы договорились покупать целый год по одной цене - 120 тенге за литр. До этого поставщика, мы протестировали 5-6 фермеров. Цена нашего сыра за 1 кг начинается от 4 тысяч до 5,5 тысяч тенге.

С 10 литров молока получается один килограмм сыра – это является стандартом и обойдется в 1200 тенге. С прочими расходами себестоимость становится 2500-2700 тенге. Большие сырные производства работают на восстановленном молоке, порошке и с большим потоком пальмового масла. Так уже другие пропорции и низкая себестоимость.

Школа сыроваров

Наша компания – это маленький сертифицированный цех, который осуществляет приготовление и поставку органической пищи в фермерские магазины, кафе и рестораны. Мы хотим делиться своими знаниями и предлагаем людям варить сыр самим и распространять свой продукт. Мы создаем платформу, благодаря которой мы сможем обучать сыроварению. Для физических лиц это возможность овладения искусством сыроварения, и в дальнейшем открытия своего собственного бизнеса.

Рестораны, в свою очередь, могут производить продукт на базе ресторанного оборудования. Для этого не требуется закупка дорогостоящего оборудования, так как технология производства не особо затруднительна. Эта концепция заинтересовала нас, и мы собираемся ее продвигать в Алматы и в дальнейшем по всему Казахстану. Сейчас мы только презентовали свою идею, и нами заинтересовались микрокредитные организации, занимающиеся кредитованием малого бизнеса.

Наша программа - это месячный курс обучения, включающий в себя 8 практических занятий. Стоит эта программа 400 тысяч тенге и нацелена на людей, которые хотят полностью окунуться в это дело и в дальнейшем сделать свой бизнес.

Около 90% людей потребляют ненатуральный сыр. Но когда потребители узнают о качестве и полезности органических продуктов они перестраивают свои предпочтения. Поняв эту тенденцию, кафе и рестораны постепенно переходят на предоставление натурального продукта.

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